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如何正确跟宝宝手拉手
2020-01-08 00:56   来源:  www.eoto-online.com   评论:0 点击:

如何正确跟宝宝手拉手???????“手拉手,一家三口一起走。”幸福家庭的经典画面通常就是这样的。不过,如何

???????“手拉手,一家三口一起走。”幸福家庭的经典画面通常就是这样的。不过,如何牵好孩子的手,可是一门“学问”。尤其是学步期左右的孩子,随着活动能力增加,活动范围扩大,探索世界的好奇心与日俱增,总是让家长很操心。可是年轻的爸妈带孩子的经验不够丰富,有时一不小心,反而就把宝宝的手肘给牵脱位了。这就是创伤骨科常见的一种伤——“桡骨小头半脱位”。如何正确跟宝宝“手拉手”?南方医科大学珠江医院创伤骨科副主任医师蔡保塔来给各位年轻爸妈支支招。

? ?? ?? ?? Hand in hand, a family of three. This is usually the classic picture of a happy family. However, how to hold a good child's hand, but a "learning ". Especially children around the semester, with the increase of activity, the scope of activities to expand, the curiosity to explore the world is growing, always let parents worry. But the experience of young parents with their children is not rich enough, sometimes careless, but the baby's elbow to pull off the position. This is one of the common injuries in trauma orthopedics -" subluxation of the radial head." How to "hand in hand" with baby correctly? Southern Medical University Zhujiang Hospital trauma orthopedic deputy chief physician Cai Baota to support young parents.

???????蔡保塔介绍,如果发生桡骨小头半脱位,宝宝会因为患肢疼痛又无法言语表达而哭闹不休,受伤的肘部会呈半屈曲状下垂,不能屈肘或上举,活动受限,一碰就痛。这种情况常发生于1~4岁婴幼儿中,其中2~3岁最为常见,患儿往往有肘部被强力牵拉的病史。比如穿有袖子衣服时大人动作太粗暴、和大人嬉戏玩耍时被拉扯手臂、太调皮时大人强行控制,甚至婴儿学翻身时自己的躯干压住了一边手臂而强行翻身,也可能导致桡骨小头半脱位。所以,各位爸妈对宝宝发出的疼痛信号一定要敏感。

? ?? ?? ?? If a radial subluxation occurs, the baby will cry because the affected limb pain and cannot be expressed in words, the injured elbow will show a semi-flexion droop, cannot bend the elbow or lift up, limited movement, a touch on the pain, Cai Baota said. This occurs in infants between the ages of 1 and 4, of whom 2 and 3 are the most common, and children often have a history of having their elbows pulled strongly. Such as wearing sleeved clothes when adults are too rough, playing with adults are pulled arms, too naughty when adults forced control, even when the baby learns to roll over their torso on one side of the arm and forced to turn over, may also lead to subluxation of the radius. Therefore, parents must be sensitive to the baby's pain signal.

???????如上所说,生活还不能自理的孩子,爸妈给他们穿衣服时动作不够轻缓,孩子的双手容易在衣物里掰折;学步期身型不稳走路摇晃,甚至已经会走路了但由于身材矮小,有些粗心父母和孩子牵手走路时都容易忽略身高差和步速的因素,导致牵手时孩子手部被用力往上提,从而导致肘部脱位……这些情况都很容易造成桡骨小头半脱位。

? ?? ?? ?? As mentioned above, children who can't take care of themselves when they are dressed by their parents are not slow enough, their hands are easy to break in their clothes, and their toddlers are unsteady and even able to walk, but because of their small size, some careless parents and children are prone to ignore the factors of height difference and walking speed when they walk hand in hand, resulting in the hand of the child's hand being pulled up hard and dislocated, resulting in the elbow part. These conditions can easily lead to subluxation of the radial head.

???????因为小孩的骨骼和软组织发育未成熟,当它在特定体位受到外力牵引的时候,导致软组织嵌顿在关节面,妨碍了桡骨小头复位,从而需要进行医学干预。

? ?? ?? ?? Because the child's bones and soft tissue are immature, when it is subjected to external traction in a particular position, the soft tissue is embedded on the articular surface, hindering the reduction of the radial head and thus requiring medical intervention.

???????如果宝宝发生肘部脱位,蔡保塔提醒各位爸妈千万别擅自做主,自行掰正,虽然网上有很多教程,但除非有专业经验,千万不要自行处理,否则可能会加重宝宝病情。正确的做法是——固定宝宝脱位的部位,让宝宝保持在舒适固定的姿势,避免二次伤害,同时马上送宝宝去医院复位,复位之后,短期内要减少胳膊大幅度活动。如果宝宝肘部脱位得不到正确及时的处理,会造成肘部发育问题,所以一定要引起重视。

? ?? ?? ?? If the baby has a dislocation of the elbow, Cai Baota reminded your parents not to make decisions, self-bending, although there are a lot of online tutorials, but unless there is professional experience, do not handle on their own, or may aggravate the baby's condition. The correct approach is to fix the part of the baby's dislocation, keep the baby in a comfortable and fixed position, avoid secondary injury, and immediately send the baby to the hospital to reset, after the reduction, to reduce the arm movement in the short term. If the baby elbow dislocation cannot get the correct and timely treatment, will cause elbow development problems, so we must pay attention to.

???????1.牵宝宝的时候一定要微微弯腰,不要让他的手臂伸得太直,减少手臂的拉力,为宝宝提供足够的意外缓冲保护。

? ?? ?? ?? 1。 Be sure to bend slightly when holding the baby, do not let his arm stretch too straight, reduce the pull of the arm, provide enough accidental buffer protection for the baby.

???????2.当宝宝在前面跑,父母发现危险因素想要制止时,不能试图站在原地用力拉住孩子,应该先跟着小跑起来,提供足够缓冲。

? ?? ?? ?? 2。 When the baby is running in front and the parents find that the risk factor wants to stop, they can't try to stand there and pull the child hard, so they should follow the trot and provide enough buffer.


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